300 Interior Design Slang Terms to Speak Like a Pro

Written by Gabriel Cruz - Foodie, Animal Lover, Slang & Language Enthusiast

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Ever watch HGTV and wonder about the slang terms and lingo they are using?  You’ve come to the right place.

In this post, we’re covering 300 of the most common interior design slang terms and words that you’ll hear from the experts.

Let’s get started…

Accent lighting

Definition: Lighting fixtures or techniques used to highlight specific features, objects, or areas in a space, creating visual interest and focal points.

Example: The track lighting installed above the artwork serves as accent lighting, drawing attention to the beautiful paintings on the wall.

Analogous colors

Definition: Colors that are adjacent to each other on the color wheel and share similar undertones, creating a harmonious and cohesive color scheme.

Example: The designer chose an analogous color palette of blues and greens for the coastal-themed living room, evoking a sense of tranquility and serenity.


Definition: A decorative technique involving the intentional aging or distressing of furniture or other objects to give them an antique or vintage appearance.

Example: The dresser was given an antiquing treatment, with layers of paint carefully distressed to reveal the underlying wood for a charming, aged look.

Architectural detail

Definition: The unique and distinctive features or elements of a building or interior space that contribute to its overall design aesthetic, such as moldings, trim, or ornamental structures.

Example: The grand staircase in the foyer showcases intricate architectural details, including carved balusters and a sweeping handrail.


Definition: A comfortable and upholstered chair with armrests, typically designed for one person, providing a cozy seating option in living rooms, bedrooms, or study areas.

Example: The cozy armchair by the fireplace is the perfect spot to curl up with a good book on a chilly evening.

Art Deco

Definition: An influential design style that emerged in the 1920s and 1930s, characterized by bold geometric shapes, streamlined forms, and luxurious materials, often associated with glamour and opulence.

Example: The Art Deco-inspired living room features sleek furniture, mirrored surfaces, and bold patterns, creating a sophisticated and glamorous ambiance.


Definition: A protective and decorative covering, often made of tiles or other materials, installed on the wall behind sinks, stoves, or countertops to prevent water damage and add visual interest.

Example: The kitchen’s subway tile backsplash adds a classic and timeless touch, complementing the white cabinetry and stainless steel appliances.


Definition: A built-in or freestanding seating area, often upholstered and accompanied by a table, commonly found in dining areas, breakfast nooks, or restaurant booths.

Example: The cozy banquette in the corner of the kitchen provides a comfortable and intimate space for family meals and gatherings.


Definition: Also known as “skirting boards,” baseboards are trim pieces installed at the bottom of interior walls, covering the joint between the wall surface and the floor, providing a finished and decorative touch.

Example: The white baseboards beautifully contrast with the gray walls, adding a clean and polished look to the room.


Definition: A influential German design school that operated from 1919 to 1933, known for its modernist approach that combined art, craft, and technology, emphasizing simplicity, functionality, and the unity of form and function.

Example: The minimalist living room furniture reflects the Bauhaus design principles, featuring clean lines, geometric shapes, and an emphasis on functionality.


Definition: The concept that humans have an innate connection and affinity for nature, leading to the integration of natural elements and materials into interior design to create a more calming and rejuvenating environment.

Example: The incorporation of indoor plants, natural textures, and large windows that let in abundant natural light embraces the biophilic design approach, fostering a sense of well-being in the space.


Definition: Short for “bohemian,” boho refers to a style characterized by a free-spirited and eclectic aesthetic, often featuring colorful textiles, vintage furniture, natural elements, and a mix of patterns and textures.

Example: The boho-inspired bedroom showcases an array of patterns, textures, and plants, creating a vibrant and relaxed atmosphere.


Definition: A type of small, single-story house, typically with a low-pitched roof and a porch, popularized in the early 20th century and often associated with Craftsman or Arts and Crafts architectural styles.

Example: The charming bungalow features a cozy porch, exposed wooden beams, and a welcoming front door with stained glass details.

Canopy bed

Definition: A bed frame with posts at each corner that support a fabric or decorative canopy overhead, creating a sense of privacy and adding an elegant and romantic touch to the bedroom.

Example: The luxurious canopy bed is adorned with flowing curtains, transforming the bedroom into a dreamy and opulent retreat.

Chair rail

Definition: A horizontal molding installed on a wall, typically at the height of a chair back, serving both a decorative and functional purpose by protecting the wall from potential damage caused by chair backs.

Example: The chair rail adds architectural interest to the dining room, dividing the wall and providing an opportunity to introduce contrasting paint colors or wallpaper.

Chaise lounge

Definition: A long, upholstered chair with a backrest and extended seat, designed for reclining or lounging, often associated with relaxation and luxury.

Example: The elegant chaise lounge in the bedroom offers a cozy spot for reading or unwinding, adding a touch of sophistication to the space.


Definition: A decorative lighting fixture suspended from the ceiling, typically featuring multiple arms or branches adorned with lights or candles, often serving as a focal point and adding a touch of grandeur.

Example: The crystal chandelier in the dining room exudes elegance and casts a sparkling glow, setting the mood for a formal dinner party.


Definition: Inspired by coastal or beachfront living, the coastal style incorporates

light and airy colors, natural materials, and nautical elements, evoking a sense of relaxation and tranquility.

Example: The coastal-themed living room features a palette of soft blues and sandy neutrals, with seashells, driftwood, and woven textures adding a coastal charm.

Color palette

Definition: The range of colors selected for a design project or space, including primary, secondary, and accent colors, as well as the overall mood or theme conveyed by the color choices.

Example: The color palette for the bedroom consists of soothing pastel hues, creating a serene and peaceful atmosphere.

Complementary colors

Definition: Colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel, such as blue and orange or red and green, which create a high contrast and can enhance each other when used together.

Example: The vibrant artwork in the living room features complementary colors, adding visual interest and creating a dynamic focal point.

Console table

Definition: A narrow and typically elongated table designed to be placed against a wall, often in entryways or hallways, providing a surface for displaying decorative items or holding keys and other essentials.

Example: The console table in the foyer is adorned with a mirror, a vase of fresh flowers, and a stylish tray to create an inviting entryway.


Definition: A decorative molding or carved projection that runs horizontally along the top edge of a wall or furniture piece, adding architectural interest and often serving as a transition between walls and ceilings.

Example: The elaborate cornice in the dining room adds a touch of elegance and draws the eye upward, accentuating the room’s height.

Crown molding

Definition: A decorative trim or molding installed at the meeting point of walls and ceilings, typically featuring intricate designs or profiles, adding a finished and polished look to a room.

Example: The crown molding in the living room frames the ceiling and adds a touch of sophistication, elevating the overall aesthetic of the space.

Dado rail

Definition: Also known as a chair rail, a dado rail is a horizontal molding installed on a wall at a height of approximately 3 to 4 feet, serving both a decorative and functional purpose.

Example: The dado rail in the hallway protects the lower portion of the wall from scuffs and adds a visual division between the wall and the wainscoting.


Definition: A versatile piece of furniture that serves as both a sofa or seating during the day and a bed for sleeping at night, typically featuring a backrest and sometimes equipped with a trundle bed for additional sleeping space.

Example: The daybed in the guest room provides a comfortable seating area during the day and easily transforms into a cozy bed for overnight guests.


Definition: An architectural style characterized by fragmented and disjointed forms, asymmetry, and unconventional shapes that challenge traditional design principles, often associated with postmodern architecture.

Example: The deconstructivist building features a

bold and unconventional design, with irregular angles and an interplay of contrasting materials.


Definition: A style that combines elements from different time periods, cultures, and design styles to create a unique and personal aesthetic, often characterized by a mix of colors, patterns, textures, and furnishings.

Example: The eclectic living room showcases a blend of vintage furniture, bold patterns, and global accents, resulting in a visually engaging and eclectic space.


Definition: A term used to describe an exit or means of escape from a building, typically referring to windows, doors, or other openings that provide a safe route in case of an emergency.

Example: The basement bedroom has an egress window that meets safety regulations, ensuring a safe exit in the event of a fire or emergency.

Feng shui

Definition: A Chinese philosophy and practice that emphasizes the arrangement and flow of energy, or qi, in a space, with the goal of creating harmonious and balanced environments that promote well-being and positive energy.

Example: The living room layout follows feng shui principles, with a clear path for energy flow, balanced furniture placement, and the use of natural elements to create a harmonious space.


Definition: An ornamental or decorative element typically found at the top of a structure, furniture piece, or curtain rod, often in the form of a sculpted or carved shape, adding a finishing touch or focal point.

Example: The bed’s four-poster frame features decorative finials at each corner, adding an elegant and decorative touch to the bedroom.


Definition: Permanent elements or components of a space, typically referring to lighting, plumbing, or electrical devices that are attached or installed in a building, such as light fixtures, faucets, or electrical outlets.

Example: The modern kitchen features sleek and contemporary light fixtures, stainless steel faucets, and built-in appliances.

Floating shelves

Definition: Shelves that are attached to a wall without visible brackets or supports, creating the illusion that the shelves are floating, providing a minimalist and modern storage solution.

Example: The floating shelves in the living room display a collection of books and decorative objects, creating a visually light and open display area.

Focal point

Definition: The visually dominant or striking element or area in a space that draws attention and serves as the center of interest, often created through architectural features, artwork, or statement pieces.

Example: The large fireplace with a beautiful mantel serves as the focal point of the living room, anchoring the space and creating a cozy ambiance.

French country

Definition: Inspired by the rustic charm and elegance of the French countryside, the French country style combines elements of vintage, traditional, and rustic design, featuring warm colors, natural materials, and intricate detailing.

Example: The French country kitchen showcases a farmhouse sink, weathered wood accents, and delicate floral patterns, evoking a sense of warmth and casual elegance.

Gable</ h2>

Definition: The triangular portion of a wall between the two slopes of a roof, often found at the end of a pitched roof, adding architectural interest and sometimes featuring windows or decorative elements.

Example: The attic bedroom has a charming gable window that fills the space with natural light and offers a beautiful view of the surroundings.

Gallery wall

Definition: A display of artworks, photographs, or other decorative items arranged in a cohesive and visually pleasing manner on a wall, often featuring a mix of frame sizes, shapes, and artwork styles.

Example: The living room’s gallery wall showcases a collection of framed photographs and artwork, creating a personalized and visually interesting focal point.

Hardwood floors

Definition: Flooring made from solid hardwood planks or boards, typically crafted from species such as oak, maple, or walnut, known for their durability, beauty, and natural warmth.

Example: The living room features gleaming hardwood floors, adding a timeless and elegant touch to the space.

Hollywood Regency

Definition: A design style influenced by the glamour and opulence of the golden age of Hollywood in the 1930s and 1940s, characterized by bold colors, luxurious materials, and ornate details.

Example: The Hollywood Regency-inspired bedroom features a tufted velvet headboard, mirrored furniture, and gold accents, exuding a sense of elegance and luxury.


Definition: A Danish concept that emphasizes coziness, comfort, and well-being, often associated with creating a warm and inviting atmosphere through soft lighting, plush textures, and a sense of togetherness.

Example: The hygge-inspired living room features soft throws, warm lighting, and a comfortable seating area, inviting relaxation and a sense of coziness.


Definition: Inspired by old factories and industrial spaces, the industrial style embraces raw and unfinished elements, such as exposed brick, metal, and concrete, often combined with vintage or salvaged furnishings.

Example: The industrial loft features exposed ductwork, concrete floors, and metal light fixtures, creating a modern and edgy aesthetic.


Definition: A freestanding or built-in countertop unit typically located in the center of a kitchen, providing additional workspace, storage, and seating options.

Example: The spacious kitchen includes a large island with a built-in sink, offering ample space for food preparation and casual dining.


Definition: A design style that combines elements of Japanese minimalism and Scandinavian simplicity, resulting in a harmonious and balanced aesthetic characterized by clean lines, natural materials, and a calm color palette.

Example: The Japandi-inspired bedroom features a platform bed, a tatami-inspired rug, and sleek furniture, creating a serene and minimalist atmosphere.


Definition: A natural fiber derived from the jute plant, often used to make rugs, baskets, or woven accessories, known for its durability, versatility, and earthy texture.</ p>

Example: The living room is adorned with a jute rug, adding a touch of organic warmth and texture to the space.


Definition: A type of flat-woven textile originating from various regions, including the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia, characterized by vibrant colors, geometric patterns, and cultural significance.

Example: The kilim pillows and rug in the living room bring a pop of color and intricate patterns, adding a global and bohemian touch.


Definition: A texturing technique applied to walls or ceilings, creating a subtle and irregular texture by using a trowel or other tools to flatten or “knock down” the peaks of a textured surface.

Example: The knockdown texture on the bedroom walls adds dimension and visual interest while still maintaining a smooth and refined look.


Definition: A framework of crossed wooden or metal strips, forming a series of crisscross patterns, often used as decorative elements in fences, screens, or furniture.

Example: The lattice panels on the patio provide privacy while allowing natural light and airflow, creating a charming and intimate outdoor space.


Definition: A small, upholstered sofa designed to accommodate two people, providing a cozy and intimate seating option for small spaces or as an addition to a larger seating arrangement.

Example: The loveseat in the living room offers a comfortable spot for reading or relaxing, making it a perfect choice for a cozy corner.


Definition: A design philosophy and style that emphasizes simplicity, functionality, and the elimination of excess or unnecessary elements, often characterized by clean lines, neutral colors, and a clutter-free environment.

Example: The minimalist bedroom features a platform bed, uncluttered surfaces, and a monochromatic color scheme, creating a serene and minimalist retreat.

Mid-Century Modern

Definition: A design style popularized during the mid-20th century, characterized by organic shapes, sleek lines, and a blend of traditional and innovative materials, often associated with the post-World War II era.

Example: The living room showcases iconic mid-century modern furniture pieces, such as a streamlined sofa, a classic Eames lounge chair, and a sculptural coffee table.


Definition: Inspired by the rich cultural heritage of Morocco, the Moroccan style embraces vibrant colors, intricate patterns, and ornate details, reflecting a blend of Mediterranean, Islamic, and African influences.

Example: The Moroccan-inspired dining room features a colorful mosaic-topped table, intricately carved wooden chairs, and vibrant textiles, creating a warm and exotic ambiance.


Definition: A decorative technique that involves assembling small pieces of colored glass, ceramic, or stone, called tesserae, into a pattern or design, often used for creating intricate and colorful surfaces or artwork.

Example: The mosaic tile backsplash in the kitchen adds a touch of artistry and visual interest, becoming a focal

point within the space.


Definition: A decorative trim or molding used to enhance or emphasize architectural elements or surfaces, such as crown molding, baseboards, or door and window casings.

Example: The intricate moulding along the ceiling and door frames adds a touch of elegance and craftsmanship to the room.

Neutral colors

Definition: Colors that are not strongly saturated or bold, often consisting of shades of white, beige, gray, or earth tones, providing a versatile and timeless palette that can easily complement other colors.

Example: The neutral color scheme in the living room creates a calm and serene atmosphere, allowing the focus to be on textures and other design elements.


Definition: A low, upholstered footstool or cushioned seat, often used as a versatile piece of furniture for additional seating, as a coffee table with the addition of a tray, or as a leg rest.

Example: The ottoman in the living room serves as both a comfortable footrest and an extra seating option when needed.

Pendant lighting

Definition: Lighting fixtures that hang from the ceiling by a cord, chain, or rod, typically featuring a single light source or multiple lights suspended from a central canopy, adding a decorative and functional element to a space.

Example: The pendant lighting above the dining table creates a focal point and provides focused illumination for meals and gatherings.

Picture window

Definition: A large, fixed window that is typically wider than it is tall, designed to provide an unobstructed view of the surrounding landscape, often used to maximize natural light and connect indoor and outdoor spaces.

Example: The picture window in the living room frames a picturesque view of the garden, bringing the beauty of nature into the space.

Pop Art

Definition: An art movement that emerged in the mid-1950s, characterized by vibrant colors, bold imagery, and a fascination with popular culture, consumerism, and mass media, often incorporating elements of advertising, comic books, and everyday objects.

Example: The pop art-inspired artwork displayed in the hallway adds a vibrant and playful touch to the home’s decor.


Definition: A mineral composed of silicon and oxygen atoms, often used as a countertop material in kitchens and bathrooms due to its durability, low maintenance, and wide range of colors and patterns.

Example: The kitchen features a sleek and durable quartz countertop, providing a stylish and practical surface for meal preparation.

Radiator cover

Definition: A decorative and functional cover or cabinet that is placed over a radiator, enhancing the appearance of the heating element while also serving as a surface for displaying decorative items or providing additional seating.

Example: The radiator cover in the living room is painted in the same color as the walls and topped with a cushion, creating a cozy window seat.

Recessed lighting

Definition: Light fixtures that are installed into the ceiling, creating a streamlined and minimalist look

as the fixtures are recessed or hidden from view, often providing general or task lighting in a space.

Example: The recessed lighting in the kitchen illuminates the countertops and workspace, providing functional and unobtrusive lighting.


Definition: The process of repairing or renovating a building or space to bring it back to its original or desired condition, often focusing on preserving or recreating historical or architectural details.

Example: The restoration of the historic Victorian house involved repairing the original woodwork, restoring stained glass windows, and repainting the exterior to its original color scheme.


Definition: A design style that draws inspiration from the past, often referring to the styles and aesthetics of the 1950s, 1960s, or 1970s, characterized by bold colors, geometric patterns, and nostalgic elements.

Example: The retro-inspired living room features a vintage record player, mid-century modern furniture, and a vibrant color palette.


Definition: An ornate and highly decorative style that originated in 18th-century France, characterized by intricate details, asymmetrical forms, and a preference for curves and natural motifs, often associated with opulence and luxury.

Example: The rococo-style bedroom showcases elaborate carvings, curvaceous furniture, and richly textured fabrics, creating a sumptuous and romantic ambiance.


Definition: A design style that emphasizes a natural and rugged aesthetic, often incorporating raw or unfinished materials, such as wood, stone, or exposed beams, creating a cozy and inviting atmosphere.

Example: The rustic living room features a stone fireplace, distressed wooden furniture, and cozy textiles, evoking a sense of warmth and simplicity.


Definition: Inspired by the design principles of Nordic countries, the Scandinavian style emphasizes simplicity, functionality, and minimalism, often characterized by clean lines, light colors, natural materials, and a sense of balance.

Example: The Scandinavian-inspired dining room features a minimalist dining table, light wood accents, and a neutral color palette, creating a bright and airy space.


Definition: A wall-mounted light fixture that typically features a decorative bracket or base and a shade, providing both functional lighting and an opportunity for adding ambient or accent lighting to a space.

Example: The sconces on either side of the bathroom mirror provide task lighting and add a touch of elegance to the space.

Sectional sofa

Definition: A large seating arrangement composed of multiple connected sections or pieces, often including a combination of sofas, loveseats, or chaises, providing ample seating and flexibility in arranging the furniture.

Example: The spacious living room features a sectional sofa, allowing for comfortable seating and accommodating large gatherings.

Shabby Chic

Definition: A design style that combines the charm of vintage and antique pieces with a soft and feminine aesthetic, often featuring distressed furniture, floral patterns, and pastel colors.

Example: The

shabby chic bedroom showcases a weathered wooden bed frame, vintage floral wallpaper, and delicate lace curtains, creating a romantic and nostalgic atmosphere.

Shaker style

Definition: A design style influenced by the furniture and craftsmanship of the Shaker religious community, known for its simplicity, functionality, and focus on quality craftsmanship, often characterized by clean lines, solid wood construction, and minimal ornamentation.

Example: The kitchen cabinets reflect the Shaker style with their clean and timeless design, showcasing natural wood and simple hardware.


Definition: A long and low storage piece, often with cabinets, drawers, or shelves, designed for storing and displaying dishes, servingware, or other items in a dining room or living room.

Example: The sideboard in the dining room provides storage for linens and serves as a surface for displaying decorative items and serving during meals.


Definition: A removable fabric cover that can be fitted or draped over a piece of furniture, such as a sofa or chair, providing a protective layer or allowing for easy cleaning and the ability to change the look of the furniture.

Example: The slipcover on the sofa not only protects the upholstery but also gives the option to switch the look from season to season or whenever desired.

Soaking tub

Definition: A deep and typically freestanding bathtub designed for immersing and soaking in warm water, often featuring ergonomic shapes or additional features, such as built-in armrests or jets.

Example: The luxurious bathroom is equipped with a spacious soaking tub, providing a relaxing and rejuvenating bathing experience.

Space planning

Definition: The process of organizing and arranging the layout of a space to optimize its functionality, flow, and efficient use of space, considering factors such as furniture placement, traffic patterns, and the specific needs of the occupants.

Example: The space planning for the open-concept living area ensures a seamless flow between the kitchen, dining, and living spaces, creating an inviting and functional layout.


Definition: The process of preparing and presenting a property for sale or rent, often involving the arrangement and styling of furniture, decor, and accessories to showcase the home’s best features and create an inviting atmosphere for potential buyers or tenants.

Example: The professional staging of the house involved decluttering, depersonalizing, and strategically placing furniture and decor to highlight the home’s spaciousness and functionality.

Statement piece

Definition: A bold or distinctive furniture item, artwork, or decorative object that serves as the focal point of a room or space, often drawing attention and adding a unique or dramatic element to the overall design.

Example: The oversized chandelier in the dining room is a statement piece, commanding attention and setting the tone for the room’s elegant and glamorous ambiance.


Definition: A design style influenced by the aesthetics of steam power, machinery, and the Victorian era, characterized by a blend of industrial elements, vintage or antique objects, and futuristic elements, often featuring brass, gears,

and clockwork motifs.

Example: The steampunk-inspired study combines vintage leather furniture, industrial lighting, and cogwheel accents, creating a unique and visually intriguing space.


Definition: A template or pattern used to create repeated designs or motifs on surfaces, such as walls, floors, or furniture, by applying paint, ink, or other coloring agents over the stencil.

Example: The stenciled pattern on the accent wall adds a decorative and personalized touch to the room, infusing it with texture and visual interest.

Subway tile

Definition: Rectangular ceramic or porcelain tiles, typically measuring 3 by 6 inches, that are arranged in a staggered pattern reminiscent of subway station tiles, often used for creating a classic and timeless look in kitchens or bathrooms.

Example: The kitchen backsplash features white subway tiles, creating a clean and versatile backdrop that complements various design styles.

Sunburst mirror

Definition: A round mirror with radiating rays or spokes resembling the shape of the sun, often made of metal or wood, serving as a decorative and visually striking accent piece on walls.

Example: The sunburst mirror above the fireplace adds a touch of glamour and visual interest to the living room, reflecting light and creating a focal point.


Definition: A textile art form in which yarns or threads are woven or embroidered to create intricate designs or pictorial representations, often used as wall hangings or decorative textiles.

Example: The tapestry on the bedroom wall adds texture, warmth, and a touch of artistic elegance to the space.


Definition: A composite material consisting of chips of marble, quartz, granite, or glass set in a binder, often cement, and then polished to create a smooth and durable surface, commonly used for flooring or countertops.

Example: The terrazzo flooring in the entryway adds a luxurious and artistic touch, with its unique pattern and subtle sheen.


Definition: Fabrics or woven materials used in interior design, including curtains, upholstery, rugs, pillows, and other soft furnishings, often chosen for their texture, pattern, color, or ability to add warmth and comfort to a space.

Example: The living room features a variety of textiles, such as a plush rug, velvet curtains, and cozy throw pillows, creating a welcoming and layered aesthetic.


Definition: A type of printed fabric that features intricate and detailed scenes or patterns, typically depicting pastoral or historical scenes, often in a single color on a light background.

Example: The toile wallpaper in the dining room adds a touch of elegance and traditional charm, depicting scenes of countryside life.


Definition: Relating to or characterized by a particular tone or shade, often referring to a design scheme or color palette that focuses on variations of a single color or closely related hues.

Example: The bedroom decor embraces a tonal color scheme, with varying shades of blue used for the walls

, bedding, and curtains, creating a serene and cohesive look.


Definition: A technique used in art or design to create realistic or three-dimensional illusions that deceive the eye, often achieved through skillful use of perspective, shading, and detailed rendering.

Example: The trompe-l’oeil mural on the dining room wall gives the impression of an arched doorway, adding depth and architectural interest to the space.


Definition: A design style inspired by the architecture and aesthetics of the Tudor period in England, often characterized by half-timbered exteriors, steeply pitched roofs, decorative chimneys, leaded glass windows, and rich wood accents.

Example: The Tudor-style home features a charming facade with exposed timber beams, leaded windows, and a grand stone entrance, capturing the essence of traditional English architecture.


Definition: Inspired by the rustic charm of the Italian region of Tuscany, the Tuscan style embraces warm earth tones, natural materials, and a sense of Old World craftsmanship, often incorporating elements such as stone, wood, and wrought iron.

Example: The Tuscan-inspired kitchen features a large farmhouse sink, distressed wooden cabinets, and a tiled backsplash, creating a warm and inviting space reminiscent of Italian villas.


Definition: The process of covering furniture or other surfaces with fabric, leather, or other materials, often involving padding or cushioning for added comfort, aesthetics, and durability.

Example: The upholstered chairs in the dining room feature a patterned fabric that adds color, texture, and softness to the seating area.


Definition: A bathroom furniture piece that typically includes a countertop, sink, and storage space, often used for grooming and storing toiletries, available in a variety of styles, sizes, and designs.

Example: The bathroom vanity features a marble countertop, a porcelain sink, and ample storage for towels and toiletries, combining functionality and style.


Definition: A small and carefully arranged display or composition of objects, such as artwork, photographs, collectibles, or decorative items, often intended to evoke a particular mood, tell a story, or showcase personal style.

Example: The vignette on the console table in the entryway includes a framed photograph, a small vase with fresh flowers, and a decorative tray, creating a welcoming and visually appealing focal point.


Definition: Referring to items or styles that are from a previous era or time period, often characterized by their age, uniqueness, and nostalgic appeal, encompassing various design aesthetics and objects, from furniture and decor to clothing and accessories.

Example: The vintage-inspired living room features a retro record player, mid-century modern furniture, and antique artwork, creating a charming and eclectic ambiance.


Definition: Wooden paneling or decorative molding applied to the lower portion of a wall, often covering the lower half or two-thirds of the wall height, serving

as a decorative element and protection against wear and tear.

Example: The dining room is enhanced with wainscoting, adding texture and visual interest to the lower part of the walls, while the upper portion is painted in a complementary color.


Definition: Decorative paper or vinyl material applied to walls, featuring patterns, designs, or textured finishes, serving as a versatile and transformative element for adding color, pattern, and visual interest to a room.

Example: The bedroom showcases a floral wallpaper that creates a soft and romantic backdrop, adding depth and personality to the space.

Waterfall countertop

Definition: A countertop design that extends vertically down the sides of an island or cabinet, resembling a cascading or flowing waterfall, often made of a single continuous material for a seamless and modern look.

Example: The kitchen island features a sleek waterfall countertop, creating a sleek and sophisticated design element that emphasizes the island’s clean lines.


Definition: Furniture or decorative items made from woven materials, typically referring to natural materials such as rattan, reed, or cane, often used for outdoor furniture or in spaces with a coastal or tropical aesthetic.

Example: The wicker chairs on the patio provide a comfortable and relaxed seating option, perfect for enjoying the outdoors.

Window treatments

Definition: Decorative and functional elements used to cover or dress windows, including curtains, blinds, shades, or valances, serving purposes such as privacy, light control, and aesthetic enhancement.

Example: The living room is adorned with floor-to-ceiling curtains that add drama, softness, and privacy to the space, complementing the overall design.

Wingback chair

Definition: A type of upholstered chair that features a high backrest with “wings” that extend from the back, often providing support for the head, neck, and shoulders, creating a cozy and classic seating option.

Example: The wingback chair in the reading nook offers a comfortable spot for relaxation and is complemented by a floor lamp for cozy reading sessions.


Definition: A landscaping technique or approach that focuses on designing and maintaining outdoor spaces in a way that minimizes water usage, often incorporating drought-tolerant plants, efficient irrigation systems, and mulch to reduce water waste and promote sustainability.

Example: The xeriscaped front yard features native plants, gravel pathways, and water-efficient irrigation, creating a beautiful and environmentally friendly landscape.


Definition: A design style influenced by Japanese aesthetics and principles, characterized by simplicity, tranquility, and a focus on creating harmonious and balanced spaces, often incorporating natural materials, minimalist decor, and a sense of mindfulness.

Example: The Zen-inspired bedroom features a platform bed, shoji screens, and a neutral color palette, promoting a calm and peaceful atmosphere.

Zigzag pattern

Definition: A pattern characterized by a series of diagonal lines or angles that alternate in direction, resembling a series of sharp “z

” shapes, often used to add visual interest, movement, or energy to a space.

Example: The zigzag patterned rug in the living room adds a dynamic and playful touch, contrasting with the clean lines of the furniture.


Definition: The division or organization of a space into distinct areas or zones based on function, purpose, or usage, often achieved through the arrangement of furniture, use of lighting, or the placement of architectural elements.

Example: The open-concept living area is divided into different zones, with the seating area clearly defined by a rug and positioned near the fireplace, while the dining area is designated by the placement of the dining table and chairs.


Definition: Referring to art or design that does not represent recognizable objects or figures, often characterized by non-representational shapes, forms, colors, or gestures, allowing for subjective interpretation and evoking emotions or concepts.

Example: The abstract painting in the hallway adds a contemporary and thought-provoking element to the space, encouraging viewers to interpret and appreciate its aesthetic qualities.

Ambient lighting

Definition: General or overall illumination that provides a uniform level of light in a space, typically achieved through ceiling-mounted fixtures, wall sconces, or natural light sources, creating a comfortable and well-lit environment.

Example: The ambient lighting in the living room is achieved through recessed ceiling lights and a large pendant light, ensuring a pleasant and inviting atmosphere.

Area rug

Definition: A rug or carpet designed to cover a specific area of a floor, often used to define or anchor a seating area, add warmth and texture, or provide visual interest and cohesion to a room.

Example: The area rug in the dining room grounds the space, defines the dining area, and adds a pop of color and pattern.


Definition: A tall and often ornate freestanding cabinet or wardrobe, typically with doors and shelves or drawers, used for storing clothes, linens, or other personal items.

Example: The bedroom is furnished with an antique armoire that provides ample storage space for clothing and linens, while also adding a touch of vintage charm to the room.

Art Nouveau

Definition: An art and design style that emerged in the late 19th century, characterized by sinuous and organic forms, intricate patterns, and a focus on nature, often incorporating motifs such as flowers, leaves, and flowing lines.

Example: The Art Nouveau-inspired bathroom features decorative tiles with floral motifs, curved lines in the plumbing fixtures, and stained glass windows, capturing the elegance and natural elements of the style.


Definition: A term used to describe innovative or experimental approaches to art, design, or culture that challenge traditional or mainstream conventions, often pushing boundaries, exploring new ideas, and breaking with established norms.

Example: The avant-garde sculpture in the gallery showcases unconventional materials and forms, provoking thought and challenging traditional notions of art.



: A highly ornate and extravagant style that originated in the 17th century, characterized by intricate details, exaggerated proportions, dramatic effects, and a sense of opulence and grandeur.

Example: The baroque-style living room features elaborately carved furniture, gilded accents, and rich velvet fabrics, creating a luxurious and theatrical ambiance.


Definition: A slanted or angled edge or surface, often created by cutting or shaping a material, such as glass or wood, at an angle other than 90 degrees, providing a decorative or dimensional effect.

Example: The beveled edges of the bathroom mirror add a touch of elegance and visual interest, reflecting light and creating depth.


Definition: An architectural style that emerged in the mid-20th century, characterized by bold and raw forms, massive concrete structures, and an emphasis on function and materials, often evoking a sense of strength, solidity, and industrial aesthetic.

Example: The brutalist building features exposed concrete surfaces, geometric shapes, and a strong visual presence, showcasing the distinctiveness of the style.


Definition: A furniture piece or a serving table used for storing and displaying dishes, utensils, and servingware, often found in dining rooms or formal entertaining spaces.

Example: The dining room is furnished with a vintage buffet that offers both storage and a surface for serving during meals, complementing the overall decor.

Butler’s pantry

Definition: A small and separate room or space adjacent to a kitchen or dining area, traditionally used for storing and preparing servingware, beverages, and other items related to formal dining or entertaining.

Example: The butler’s pantry features built-in cabinets, a sink, and ample counter space for storing and organizing tableware and other dining essentials.


Definition: Custom or pre-made storage units, typically made of wood or other materials, designed to provide organized storage space for various items, such as dishes, cookware, clothing, or personal belongings.

Example: The kitchen cabinetry features solid wood construction, ample shelves and drawers, and sleek hardware, offering both functional storage and an aesthetic element to the space.


Definition: A structural element, often a beam or slab, that extends horizontally beyond its vertical support, creating the illusion of floating or projecting into space, commonly used in architecture and furniture design.

Example: The cantilevered staircase in the foyer is supported by a single column, giving the impression of floating steps and adding a sculptural element to the space.

Chevron pattern

Definition: A pattern characterized by a series of V-shaped lines or zigzags that are repeated in a continuous and alternating manner, often used in flooring, textiles, or decorative elements to add a dynamic and visually appealing effect.

Example: The chevron patterned wall tiles in the bathroom create a visually striking and contemporary look, adding movement and energy to the space.


Definition:</strong > A printed cotton fabric, typically featuring floral or botanical patterns, often with a glazed finish, commonly used for upholstery, drapery, or decorative accents, evoking a traditional and cozy aesthetic.

Example: The chintz curtains in the living room bring a touch of vintage charm and warmth, complementing the overall decor and adding a pop of color.


Definition: A row of windows or openings located near the top of a wall, often above eye level, designed to provide natural light, ventilation, or architectural interest while maintaining privacy and preserving wall space.

Example: The clerestory windows in the art studio allow ample natural light to illuminate the space, creating an ideal environment for creative work.

Coffered ceiling

Definition: A ceiling design that features a series of recessed panels or sunken panels, often square or rectangular in shape, separated by beams or moldings, creating a grid-like pattern, adding architectural interest and depth to the ceiling.

Example: The formal dining room showcases a coffered ceiling with intricately detailed molding and recessed panels, elevating the room’s elegance and visual appeal.

Color blocking

Definition: A technique of combining solid blocks or areas of different colors to create a bold and graphic effect, often used in fashion, art, and interior design to add visual interest and create distinct color combinations.

Example: The living room features color-blocked walls, with one wall painted in a vibrant shade of blue and the adjacent walls in a neutral white, creating a striking and modern look.


Definition: A vertical, cylindrical, or rectangular architectural element that serves as a structural support, often found in classical or traditional architecture and available in various styles, such as Doric, Ionic, or Corinthian.

Example: The grand entrance of the building is adorned with tall marble columns, exuding a sense of grandeur and classical elegance.


Definition: A design style that reflects the current trends and influences of the present time, characterized by clean lines, minimalism, neutral color palettes, and a focus on simplicity and functionality.

Example: The contemporary living room features sleek furniture, a minimalist color scheme, and uncluttered spaces, creating a modern and streamlined aesthetic.

Cornice board

Definition: A decorative or functional horizontal board, often made of wood or fabric, installed at the top of a window or along the junction of a wall and ceiling, used to conceal curtain rods, add architectural interest, or enhance the visual appeal of a space.

Example: The cornice board above the window is upholstered in a patterned fabric, adding texture and framing the window beautifully.


Definition: A low and long storage cabinet or sideboard, often used in dining rooms, living rooms, or offices, featuring drawers, shelves, or cabinets for storing and displaying items such as dishes, books, or electronics.

Example: The credenza in the office provides ample storage for files and supplies, while also serving as a surface for displaying artwork and personal m



Definition: A type of fabric woven in a pattern, often floral or geometric, using a combination of satin and matte weaves, creating a subtle contrast in texture and sheen, commonly used for upholstery, drapery, or bedding.

Example: The damask curtains in the bedroom add an elegant and refined touch, with their intricate pattern and luxurious drape.


Definition: A decorative technique that involves applying cut-out paper or fabric designs to a surface, often using adhesive or varnish, and then sealing the surface to create a layered and textured effect.

Example: The decoupage tabletop features a collage of vintage postcards and botanical prints, adding a personalized and artistic touch to the furniture.


Definition: Referring to fabric panels, curtains, or window treatments that are used to cover or dress windows, often made of soft and flowing materials, such as silk, linen, or velvet, serving both functional and decorative purposes.

Example: The drapery in the living room is made of sheer white fabric, allowing natural light to filter through while adding an airy and elegant touch to the space.


Definition: A stand or frame, typically with adjustable height and angle, used by artists to support a canvas, panel, or drawing board while they paint or draw.

Example: The art studio is equipped with a sturdy wooden easel, providing a stable and adjustable surface for creating artwork.

Eggshell finish

Definition: A type of paint finish that has a subtle sheen, resembling the texture and appearance of an eggshell, offering a slight reflection of light while still maintaining a soft and matte-like surface.

Example: The walls in the bedroom are painted with an eggshell finish, creating a velvety and sophisticated look.

Eichler style

Definition: Referring to the architectural style popularized by developer Joseph Eichler in the mid-20th century, characterized by open floor plans, post-and-beam construction, large windows, and integration with nature, often associated with mid-century modern design.

Example: The Eichler-style home features floor-to-ceiling windows, exposed wood beams, and an open layout, blurring the boundaries between indoor and outdoor living.

Faux finish

Definition: An imitation or replication of a specific material or texture, often achieved through painting techniques or the use of specialized materials, such as faux marble, faux wood, or faux leather, offering a cost-effective and versatile alternative to the real thing.

Example: The faux finish on the accent wall creates the look of aged brick, adding texture and visual interest to the space without the need for actual masonry.


Definition: The entryway or transitional space between the exterior and the main interior of a building, often serving as a welcoming area for guests and providing a glimpse of the overall design and ambiance of the space.

Example: The foyer features a grand staircase, a decorative chandelier, and an

artwork display, setting the tone for the rest of the home’s elegant interior.


Definition: A painting technique in which pigments are applied to wet plaster, allowing the colors to be absorbed and become part of the wall or surface, often used in murals or decorative artwork.

Example: The fresco on the ceiling of the chapel depicts religious scenes and intricate details, creating a breathtaking and timeless work of art.


Definition: A versatile piece of furniture that can function as a sofa or a bed, typically consisting of a mattress or cushion that can be folded or converted into different positions.

Example: The guest room is furnished with a futon, allowing the space to serve as both a cozy seating area and a comfortable sleeping space when needed.


Definition: A checked pattern fabric characterized by small, even-sized squares, often in a simple two-tone color scheme, commonly associated with a rustic or country aesthetic.

Example: The kitchen curtains feature a charming gingham pattern in blue and white, adding a touch of farmhouse style to the space.

Gothic Revival

Definition: An architectural style that emerged in the 18th and 19th centuries, characterized by pointed arches, ribbed vaults, and ornate tracery, drawing inspiration from medieval Gothic architecture, often associated with churches, cathedrals, and grand estates.

Example: The Gothic Revival mansion showcases intricate stone carvings, stained glass windows, and soaring spires, embodying the grandeur and romanticism of the style.

Great room

Definition: A large and open living space that combines multiple functions, typically encompassing the functions of a living room, dining room, and kitchen, providing a central and communal area for family activities and entertaining.

Example: The great room features a spacious seating area, a long dining table, and a well-equipped kitchen, promoting a sense of togetherness and seamless interaction.


Definition: A pattern characterized by a series of V-shaped or chevron-shaped lines or angles that are repeated in a continuous and alternating manner, often used in flooring, tilework, or textiles to create a visually dynamic and sophisticated effect.

Example: The herringbone-patterned hardwood floor in the hallway adds a touch of elegance and timeless appeal, enhancing the overall design of the space.


Definition: A tall and narrow chest of drawers or cabinet, often consisting of a lower section with drawers and an upper section with doors or open shelves, offering ample storage space while minimizing the furniture’s footprint.

Example: The highboy in the bedroom provides storage for clothing and accessories, featuring a compact design that maximizes vertical space.


Definition: A fabric or textile design characterized by a distinctive and intricate pattern, created by resist-dyeing the yarns before weaving, resulting in blurred or feathered edges, often featuring geometric or abstract motifs.

Example: The ikat throw pillows on the sofa add a

pop of color and a global-inspired aesthetic to the living room, showcasing the intricate craftsmanship of the textile.


Definition: A decorative technique that involves the insertion of contrasting materials, such as wood, metal, or stone, into a surface or object, creating intricate patterns or designs.

Example: The tabletop features a beautiful inlay design, with delicate pieces of mother-of-pearl creating a stunning floral pattern.

Jack and Jill bathroom

Definition: A bathroom that is accessible from and designed to serve two separate bedrooms, typically featuring two sinks, a shared bathtub or shower, and a toilet compartment that can be locked for privacy.

Example: The Jack and Jill bathroom connects the children’s bedrooms, providing a convenient and shared space for daily grooming routines.


Definition: Referring to a style of furniture and design that originated during the reign of King James I of England in the early 17th century, characterized by ornate carvings, dark wood finishes, and richly detailed motifs.

Example: The Jacobean-style dining table and chairs feature intricate carvings and a deep walnut finish, creating an atmosphere of traditional elegance.


Definition: A small and compact kitchen area, typically found in apartments, guesthouses, or hotel rooms, featuring basic appliances, a sink, and minimal counter space.

Example: The studio apartment includes a kitchenette with a mini-fridge, a microwave, and a small sink, offering the essential amenities for preparing simple meals.


Definition: Referring to a style of chair design that features a backrest composed of horizontal slats resembling the rungs of a ladder, often made of wood and commonly associated with rustic or country aesthetics.

Example: The dining room chairs are ladder-back style, adding a touch of farmhouse charm to the space.


Definition: A light fixture or decorative element that typically consists of a frame with glass or translucent panels, enclosing a light source, often designed in a lantern-like shape, and used for illuminating outdoor spaces or adding a traditional and timeless touch to interiors.

Example: The lantern-style pendant light in the entryway creates a warm and welcoming ambiance, evoking a sense of nostalgia and elegance.


Definition: A large, open, and flexible space typically located in an industrial or converted building, characterized by high ceilings, exposed beams, and an open floor plan, often used as a living or working space.

Example: The loft apartment features an open-concept layout with exposed brick walls, soaring ceilings, and industrial-inspired design elements, creating a trendy and urban living environment.


Definition: An architectural feature or covered outdoor space that is supported by columns or arches, typically open on one or more sides, providing a shaded and semi-enclosed area for relaxation, dining, or socializing.

Example: The backyard includes a loggia with comfortable seating, a dining table, and a fireplace, creating an inviting and shelter

ed outdoor living area.


Definition: A decorative technique that involves the application of small pieces of veneer or inlay to create intricate patterns or designs on furniture, flooring, or other surfaces.

Example: The marquetry on the cabinet doors showcases a detailed and symmetrical design, adding a luxurious and artistic touch to the furniture piece.


Definition: Referring to a color scheme or design that consists of varying shades or tones of a single color or hue, creating a cohesive and harmonious look.

Example: The monochrome bathroom features different shades of gray, from the walls to the tiles to the accessories, creating a sleek and sophisticated aesthetic.


Definition: A horizontal or vertical bar that divides a window into multiple smaller panes of glass, often used for decorative or structural purposes, adding visual interest and a traditional touch to windows.

Example: The windows in the historic building feature intricate muntin patterns, reflecting the architectural style of the time.

Nouveau Riche

Definition: A term used to describe individuals or a lifestyle characterized by newly acquired wealth or social status, often associated with ostentatious displays of luxury, excessive spending, and a flamboyant aesthetic.

Example: The extravagant mansion with its grandiose interiors and opulent furnishings reflects the nouveau riche taste of its owners.


Definition: A tall and slender, four-sided monument or pillar with a pointed top, often made of stone, commonly used as a decorative or commemorative element in architecture or landscaping.

Example: The garden features an obelisk positioned at the center, adding vertical interest and serving as a focal point amidst the lush greenery.

Oriental rug

Definition: A rug or carpet originating from the traditional weaving regions of the Middle East, Central Asia, or the Far East, characterized by intricate patterns, rich colors, and high-quality craftsmanship.

Example: The oriental rug in the living room features a detailed design and vibrant colors, bringing warmth, texture, and a touch of cultural heritage to the space.


Definition: A type of flooring pattern that features geometric designs or arrangements created by arranging small pieces of wood or other materials, such as tiles or marble, in a repeating and decorative pattern.

Example: The parquet flooring in the dining room showcases a beautiful herringbone pattern, adding elegance and visual interest to the space.


Definition: Referring to decorative trimmings or embellishments, often made of cords, braids, fringes, tassels, or ribbons, used to adorn furniture, curtains, pillows, or other textiles.

Example: The luxurious drapes are adorned with intricate passementerie trim, adding a lavish and sophisticated touch to the windows.


Definition: An outdoor living space or paved area adjacent to a building, typically used for dining, lounging,

or recreational activities, often furnished with outdoor furniture, plants, and decorative elements.

Example: The backyard patio is furnished with a dining set, lounge chairs, and potted plants, creating an inviting and comfortable outdoor entertaining area.


Definition: A support or base, often in the form of a column, pillar, or stand, used to elevate and display a statue, vase, or other decorative objects.

Example: The sculpture in the entryway is placed on a marble pedestal, drawing attention to its artistic significance and creating a focal point in the space.


Definition: An outdoor structure or archway that features a framework of vertical posts or columns, often supporting cross beams and an open lattice roof, providing partial shade and a structure for climbing plants.

Example: The backyard pergola is adorned with blooming vines, creating a shaded and picturesque spot for outdoor relaxation and dining.

Persian rug

Definition: A hand-woven rug originating from Iran, characterized by intricate designs, intricate knots, and high-quality craftsmanship, often featuring traditional motifs and a wide range of colors.

Example: The Persian rug in the living room showcases a mesmerizing medallion design and rich hues, adding a touch of artistry and warmth to the space.


Definition: A rectangular, vertical column or pier attached to a wall, often featuring decorative detailing or a capital, resembling a half-column, used to create a sense of architectural presence or provide structural support.

Example: The entrance of the building is flanked by pilasters, adding a sense of grandeur and classical elegance to the facade.


Definition: A square or rectangular base or platform that serves as the foundation or support for a column, statue, or other architectural elements, often featuring decorative molding or carving.

Example: The sculpture is displayed on a marble plinth, elevating its visual impact and providing a stable and prominent position in the room.


Definition: Referring to a decorative technique or style that involves the use of multiple colors or hues in design, often applied to sculpture, painting, or architecture, creating a vibrant and visually striking effect.

Example: The polychrome mural on the ceiling depicts a vivid and colorful scene, adding energy and liveliness to the room.


Definition: A heavy curtain or drapery hung over a doorway or entrance, often used to provide privacy, block drafts, or enhance the visual impact of an opening.

Example: The portiere in the dining room is made of luxurious velvet, adding a touch of elegance and creating a sense of separation from the adjoining rooms.

Prairie style

Definition: An architectural style popularized by Frank Lloyd Wright in the early 20th century, characterized by low-pitched roofs, horizontal lines, open floor plans, and integration with the natural surroundings, often featuring geometric patterns and materials such as wood and stone.

Example: The

prairie-style house features broad overhanging eaves, horizontal windows, and an emphasis on natural materials, blending harmoniously with the surrounding landscape.


Definition: A decorative motif or design element that consists of a symmetrical shape or pattern with four lobes or leaves, resembling a clover or flower, commonly used in architecture, furniture, and decorative accents.

Example: The wrought iron railing on the staircase is adorned with intricate quatrefoil details, adding a touch of elegance and sophistication.


Definition: A bed covering or blanket made of two layers of fabric with a layer of padding in between, typically stitched together with intricate patterns or designs, often created through the technique of quilting.

Example: The quilt on the bed features a patchwork design and delicate stitching, adding texture, warmth, and a handmade touch to the bedroom.


Definition: Referring to a period in British history during the early 19th century when King George IV served as Prince Regent, characterized by elegance, neoclassical influences, and a focus on luxury and refinement in design and architecture.

Example: The Regency-style dining room showcases graceful curves, fine materials, and a restrained color palette, epitomizing the sophistication and opulence of the era.


Definition: Referring to a design or architectural style that draws inspiration from a historical period, often characterized by the reinterpretation or revival of specific features, motifs, or craftsmanship associated with that era.

Example: The Victorian revival home incorporates intricate gingerbread detailing, stained glass windows, and ornate trim, paying homage to the architectural style of the late 19th century.


Definition: Referring to a gathered or pleated fabric or trim, often used in curtains, draperies, or clothing, creating a puckered or ruffled effect, adding texture and visual interest.

Example: The ruche curtains in the bedroom create a soft and romantic ambiance, with their delicate gathers and gentle folds.

Sash window

Definition: A window consisting of one or more movable panels or sashes that can be opened by sliding vertically or horizontally, often counterbalanced by weights or springs.

Example: The traditional Victorian house features sash windows with multiple panes, adding a classic and timeless charm to the architecture.

Satin finish

Definition: A smooth and lustrous paint or surface finish that reflects light evenly and has a soft sheen, resembling the texture and appearance of satin fabric.

Example: The bathroom vanity is coated with a satin finish paint, providing a subtle shine and a touch of elegance to the furniture piece.


Definition: A decorative technique that involves scratching or incising a design or pattern through a layer of plaster, paint, or glaze, revealing contrasting colors or layers beneath.

Example: The sgraffito artwork on the ceramic vase showcases intricate floral motifs, created by carefully scratching the surface to reveal the underlying clay.


Definition: A type of wooden board or paneling characterized by a rabbet or groove cut into the top and bottom edges, allowing the boards to fit together snugly, often used for wall cladding or interior paneling.

Example: The living room walls are adorned with white shiplap, adding a touch of rustic charm and texture to the space.

Side table

Definition: A small and often portable table positioned beside or next to seating furniture, typically used to hold drinks, books, or decorative items.

Example: The side table in the reading nook features a drawer for storage and a tabletop for placing a lamp and a cup of tea.

Skirting board

Definition: A decorative or protective board that is fixed along the base of an interior wall, covering the joint between the wall and the floor, often serving to enhance the visual appeal of the space.

Example: The skirting board in the hallway is made of carved wood, adding an elegant finishing touch to the room’s interior design.


Definition: The triangular or rectangular space between the outer curve of an arch, a horizontal member, and a vertical support, often filled with decorative motifs, mosaics, or sculptural elements.

Example: The spandrels on the facade of the historic building are adorned with intricate relief sculptures, representing symbolic figures and scenes.


Definition: Referring to a style of architecture or interior design that incorporates multiple levels or floor heights within a single space, often divided by short flights of stairs or half-levels.

Example: The split-level living room features sunken seating areas and elevated platforms, creating distinct zones within the open-concept space.


Definition: A textured plaster or cement mixture that is applied to interior or exterior surfaces, creating a decorative and durable finish that can be smooth, rough, or sculpted.

Example: The exterior walls of the Mediterranean-style villa are coated with a white stucco finish, adding a sense of timeless elegance.


Definition: Referring to a living space or work area that combines multiple functions into a single open area, typically without dividing walls, often used for creative pursuits, such as art, music, or photography.

Example: The studio apartment features a combined living room, bedroom, and workspace, providing a compact yet functional layout for a creative individual.


Definition: A decorative fabric valance or drapery that hangs in a curved or drooping shape, often used to embellish curtains, canopies, or windows.

Example: The window treatment in the formal dining room is adorned with an elegant swag, adding a touch of sophistication and formality to the space.


Definition: A decorative tuft or hanging ornament made of threads, cords, or fibers, often with a knotted or fringed end, used to add flair and embellishment to curtains

, upholstery, or decorative objects.

Example: The throw pillows on the sofa are adorned with golden tassels, adding a touch of opulence and visual interest.


Definition: A type of reddish-brown clay that is often used in pottery, tiles, or architectural elements, known for its durability and warm earthy tones.

Example: The terracotta tiles in the kitchen floor bring a rustic and Mediterranean charm to the space, creating a warm and inviting atmosphere.

Toile de Jouy

Definition: A type of printed fabric or wallpaper that features intricate and pastoral scenes or narratives, often depicting rural or romanticized life, typically in a single color on a light background.

Example: The toile de Jouy drapes in the bedroom showcase a delicate pattern of pastoral landscapes, evoking a sense of nostalgia and elegance.


Definition: A tall floor lamp with an upward-facing shade or diffuser that directs light towards the ceiling, often creating an ambient or indirect illumination.

Example: The torchiere in the corner of the living room casts a soft and warm glow, illuminating the space with a subtle and cozy ambiance.

Trompe l’oeil

Definition: A painting or artistic technique that creates a realistic or optical illusion, making the two-dimensional artwork appear three-dimensional, often used to create the illusion of architectural elements or objects.

Example: The trompe l’oeil mural on the dining room wall gives the impression of a grand arched window, opening up the space and adding visual depth.

Trumeau mirror

Definition: A tall and narrow mirror with a decorative or painted panel above or between the mirror glass, often featuring ornate carvings, paintings, or gilded accents.

Example: The trumeau mirror in the foyer is adorned with an exquisite painted scene and intricate gilded details, serving as a stunning focal point and reflecting light throughout the space.


Definition: A small tower or cylindrical structure that projects vertically from a building, often used for architectural interest or as a lookout, providing panoramic views.

Example: The castle-inspired house features a round turret, adding a sense of whimsy and a fairytale-like charm to the architecture.


Definition: A type of textile weave characterized by diagonal lines or ridges, often creating a strong and durable fabric, commonly used in upholstery, drapery, or clothing.

Example: The twill curtains in the living room have a subtle diagonal texture, adding visual interest and texture to the window treatment.


Definition: A decorative fabric treatment or short curtain that is hung across the top part of a window, often used to conceal curtain rods or hardware and add a decorative element to window treatments.

Example: The valance in the kitchen features a scalloped design and a floral pattern, enhancing the window and bringing a touch of charm to the space.



Definition: A ceiling that features an arched or curved shape, typically rising higher than a standard ceiling height, often creating a sense of spaciousness and architectural interest.

Example: The living room boasts a vaulted ceiling with exposed wooden beams, creating a sense of grandeur and providing an open and airy atmosphere.

Victorian style

Definition: Referring to the architectural and design styles popular during the reign of Queen Victoria in the 19th century, characterized by ornate detailing, decorative elements, and a blend of different historical influences.

Example: The Victorian-style home features intricate woodwork, stained glass windows, and decorative moldings, evoking the elegance and charm of the era.


Definition: A glass display case or cabinet, often with shelves, used for showcasing and protecting valuable or decorative objects, such as collectibles, art, or china.

Example: The vitrine in the dining room displays a collection of delicate porcelain figurines, providing a focal point and preserving the beauty of the pieces.


Definition: A Japanese aesthetic concept that embraces the beauty of imperfection, transience, and the natural cycle of growth and decay, often characterized by simplicity, authenticity, and an appreciation of the patina of age.

Example: The wabi-sabi-inspired decor includes weathered wooden furniture, handmade ceramics with organic shapes, and natural textures, creating a serene and contemplative ambiance.

Wall sconce

Definition: A decorative light fixture that is attached to a wall, often featuring a shade, glass cover, or candle holder, providing both functional and ambient lighting.

Example: The wall sconces in the hallway cast a warm and inviting glow, illuminating the path and adding a touch of elegance to the space.


Definition: A technique that involves applying a thin white or pale-colored wash or paint to wood, brick, or other surfaces, often used to create a rustic, weathered, or beach-inspired look.

Example: The whitewashed wooden beams on the ceiling add a coastal and airy feel to the living room, complementing the overall beach house aesthetic.

Windsor chair

Definition: A wooden chair characterized by a solid seat, turned legs, and a distinctive backrest consisting of multiple thin, vertical spindles, often associated with traditional or cottage-style interiors.

Example: The dining room is furnished with Windsor chairs, adding a touch of rustic charm and classic elegance to the space.

Wing chair

Definition: A type of upholstered armchair that features high, curved side panels or “wings” extending upward from the backrest, often used to provide a sense of coziness, privacy, and support.

Example: The wing chair by the fireplace invites relaxation and comfort, offering a cozy nook for reading or enjoying a cup of tea.

Work triangle

Definition: A concept used in kitchen design that refers

to the efficient arrangement of the three primary work areas: the sink, the stove, and the refrigerator, optimizing workflow and minimizing unnecessary movement.

Example: The kitchen layout follows the work triangle principle, ensuring that the sink, stove, and refrigerator are positioned in close proximity for convenient and efficient meal preparation.


Definition: A traditional circular tent or dwelling used by nomadic cultures, consisting of a collapsible framework of wooden poles and covered with felt or fabric, often designed for portability and adaptability to different climates.

Example: The camping retreat offers the experience of staying in a yurt, providing a unique and cozy shelter amidst nature.

Zen garden

Definition: A minimalist and contemplative garden design influenced by Japanese aesthetics and Zen philosophy, often characterized by the use of rocks, gravel, moss, and carefully placed plants, evoking a sense of tranquility and harmony with nature.

Example: The Zen garden features a carefully raked gravel pattern, a serene rock arrangement, and lush greenery, providing a peaceful and meditative space.

Zebra print

Definition: A decorative pattern or design that imitates the black and white stripes of a zebra’s coat, often used in textiles, upholstery, or accessories to add a bold and exotic touch.

Example: The zebra print rug in the living room adds a playful and graphic element, contrasting with the neutral furnishings and creating a focal point in the space.


Definition: A style of architectural structure or house design characterized by a steeply sloping roof that resembles the letter “A,” with the walls extending from the foundation to the peak of the roof.

Example: The cozy mountain cabin features an A-frame design, allowing for a soaring ceiling and a dramatic view of the surrounding landscape.


Definition: Referring to a lighting technique in which the light source is positioned behind or within an object or surface, creating a glow or highlighting the silhouette of the object.

Example: The backlit mirror in the bathroom provides soft and diffused lighting, adding a touch of ambiance and creating a flattering effect for grooming activities.


Definition: A pattern or design that imitates the weaving technique used to create baskets, often characterized by interlocking horizontal and vertical elements.

Example: The basketweave tile pattern in the kitchen floor adds texture and visual interest, creating a timeless and classic look.


Definition: A type of wall paneling or wainscoting that features narrow, vertical planks with a thin ridge or “bead” along the edges, often used to add texture, depth, and a sense of cottage or coastal style to interiors.

Example: The beadboard paneling in the entryway brings a charming and welcoming touch, creating a cozy and relaxed ambiance.


Definition: A decorative covering for a bed that extends to the floor on all sides, often made of fabric and used to add color, pattern, and warmth to the bed.</p >

Example: The luxurious silk bedspread drapes elegantly over the bed, creating a focal point and adding a touch of opulence to the bedroom.

Belgian style

Definition: Referring to a design aesthetic influenced by the Belgian interior design tradition, characterized by a blend of rustic, vintage, and contemporary elements, neutral color palettes, natural textures, and an emphasis on comfort and simplicity.

Example: The Belgian-style living room features linen upholstery, weathered wooden furniture, and a muted color palette, creating a serene and inviting atmosphere.

Botanical print

Definition: A print or pattern that features botanical illustrations or depictions of plants, flowers, or foliage, often used in textiles, wallpaper, or artwork to bring a natural and vibrant element to interior decor.

Example: The botanical print wallpaper in the dining room showcases lush tropical leaves, adding a lively and refreshing touch to the space.

Box spring

Definition: A supportive foundation or base for a mattress, typically consisting of a wooden frame with springs or metal supports enclosed in fabric, designed to provide additional support, height, and durability to the bed.

Example: The bed is equipped with a box spring, ensuring optimal support and comfort for a restful sleep.


Definition: A covered or partially enclosed pathway or corridor that connects two structures or parts of a building, often allowing for airflow and providing a sheltered space.

Example: The breezeway between the main house and the garage features a roof and open sides, serving as a protected outdoor area for lounging or as a transition space.

Cabriole leg

Definition: A furniture leg that curves outward and then inward, resembling the shape of an animal’s leg, often used in traditional or antique furniture styles, adding a touch of elegance and sophistication.

Example: The antique dresser is supported by cabriole legs, showcasing the intricate curves and craftsmanship of the piece.

Campaign furniture

Definition: Furniture specifically designed for easy assembly, portability, and durability, often associated with military campaigns or travel, featuring foldable or collapsible elements and sturdy construction.

Example: The campaign-style desk in the home office is equipped with foldable legs and compact storage compartments, providing flexibility and functionality for a transient lifestyle.


Definition: A technique of weaving thin strips of rattan, wicker, or cane to create a seat or backrest for chairs, often characterized by a distinctive pattern of interlaced strands.

Example: The dining chairs feature caning on the seat and back, adding texture and a touch of natural elegance to the furniture.


Definition: A covered structure or shelter, often attached to a house or building, used for parking vehicles, providing protection from the elements.

Example: The carport provides a shaded parking area for the vehicles, protecting them from direct sunlight and precipitation.

Casement window

Definition:</ strong> A window with hinges on one side that allows it to open outward, typically operated with a crank or lever mechanism, offering unobstructed views and excellent ventilation.

Example: The casement windows in the living room provide a picturesque view of the garden and can be easily opened to let in fresh air.

Cast iron

Definition: A strong and durable alloy of iron that is melted and poured into molds, often used in the construction of furniture, architectural elements, or decorative accents due to its sturdiness and ability to withstand heat.

Example: The cast iron fireplace surround adds a sense of grandeur and acts as a focal point in the living room, radiating warmth and nostalgia.

Cathedral ceiling

Definition: A high, vaulted ceiling that features symmetrical sloping sides that meet at a central peak, resembling the interior of a cathedral, often creating a sense of spaciousness and grandeur.

Example: The cathedral ceiling in the master bedroom showcases exposed wooden beams, adding architectural interest and a feeling of openness to the space.

Chalk paint

Definition: A type of paint that has a matte and chalky finish, often used for furniture refinishing or decorative painting, providing a vintage or shabby chic look.

Example: The dresser in the bedroom is coated with chalk paint in a soft pastel hue, giving it a distressed and charming appearance.

Chesterfield sofa

Definition: A classic and luxurious sofa design characterized by deep button tufting, rolled arms of equal height, and upholstered in high-quality leather or fabric, often associated with traditional or formal interiors.

Example: The chesterfield sofa in the study adds an air of elegance and sophistication, becoming the centerpiece of the room’s refined decor.


Definition: A decorative style or motif that reflects Chinese artistic influences, often featuring elaborate and fanciful designs, scenes, or patterns inspired by Chinese culture, typically used in furniture, wallpaper, or ceramics.

Example: The chinoiserie wallpaper in the dining room depicts colorful birds and blossoming branches, creating a captivating and exotic atmosphere.

Clip-on lamp

Definition: A small and portable lamp that can be easily attached or clipped onto a surface, such as a desk, headboard, or shelf, providing targeted and adjustable task lighting.

Example: The clip-on lamp on the bedside table allows for focused reading light without taking up valuable space on the surface.

Color wheel

Definition: A circular diagram that displays the relationships between colors, often used as a tool for color theory and coordination, with primary, secondary, and tertiary colors arranged in a logical order.

Example: The interior designer refers to the color wheel to select complementary colors for the room’s color scheme, ensuring a harmonious and visually pleasing combination.


Definition: A structural or decorative bracket that supports weight or projects from a wall, often carved or designed with intricate details, used to support shelves, roof overhangs, or arch


Example: The corbels underneath the kitchen island’s countertop not only provide support but also add a touch of architectural elegance to the space.


Definition: An avant-garde art movement that originated in the early 20th century, characterized by the use of geometric shapes, fragmented forms, and multiple perspectives to depict subjects from different angles simultaneously.

Example: The artwork displayed in the living room features a cubist style, with abstract shapes and intersecting lines, adding a modern and dynamic element to the space.


Definition: A technique used to intentionally create the appearance of wear and age on furniture or surfaces, often involving sanding, scraping, or adding cracks and imperfections, resulting in a vintage or antique look.

Example: The distressed finish on the coffee table gives it a weathered and well-loved appearance, adding character and a touch of history to the living room.


Definition: A structural element or window that projects vertically from a sloping roof, often with its own roof, providing additional headroom or natural light to an upper-level space.

Example: The attic bedroom features dormer windows that allow for extra light and a charming nook-like area within the sloped ceiling.

Drop-leaf table

Definition: A table with hinged leaves or extensions on one or both sides that can be folded down when not in use, allowing for a compact and space-saving design.

Example: The drop-leaf dining table in the breakfast nook can be expanded to accommodate additional guests during meals and folded down to free up space when not needed.


Definition: A process of staining wood or other materials black, often achieved by applying a solution of iron acetate, creating a rich and dark ebony-like appearance.

Example: The ebonized finish on the bookshelf gives it a sleek and dramatic look, contrasting with the lighter tones of the room’s decor.

Empire style

Definition: A neoclassical design style that was popular during the First French Empire under Napoleon Bonaparte, characterized by grandeur, opulence, and references to ancient Roman and Egyptian motifs.

Example: The living room features an Empire-style chandelier, with intricate metalwork and crystal accents, adding a touch of elegance and historical flair to the space.


Definition: A glassy and translucent coating or decorative technique that involves fusing powdered glass onto a surface through high heat, often used to create vibrant and durable finishes on metal, ceramics, or jewelry.

Example: The enamel-coated cookware in the kitchen not only provides a colorful aesthetic but also offers a durable and easy-to-clean cooking surface.

Exposed brick

Definition: Brickwork that is intentionally left exposed or uncovered on interior walls, often showcasing the raw and natural beauty of the bricks, providing a rustic or industrial aesthetic.

Example: The loft-style apartment features exposed brick walls, adding texture, warmth

, and a sense of urban charm to the living space.

Farmhouse sink

Definition: A large and deep sink with a front apron that extends past the edge of the countertop, often made of porcelain or fireclay, reminiscent of sinks found in traditional farmhouse kitchens.

Example: The farmhouse sink in the kitchen is not only practical for washing large pots and pans but also adds a nostalgic and country-inspired element to the overall design.

Flemish bond

Definition: A traditional bricklaying pattern in which bricks are laid alternately, with one brick laid lengthwise and the next laid widthwise, creating a strong and decorative bond often used in masonry construction.

Example: The exterior facade of the building features a Flemish bond pattern, showcasing meticulous craftsmanship and adding visual interest to the architecture.


Definition: Intricate and decorative geometric patterns or designs that are carved, cut, or pierced into wood or other materials, often used as decorative elements in furniture, screens, or architectural details.

Example: The headboard of the bed is adorned with fretwork, displaying a delicate and intricate pattern, adding a touch of elegance and craftsmanship to the bedroom.

Gable roof

Definition: A roof design that features two sloping sides that meet at a central ridge, creating a triangular or “V” shape, often used in residential or traditional architecture.

Example: The house has a gable roof with dormer windows, adding architectural interest and providing additional space in the upper-level rooms.


Definition: An outdoor structure or pavilion, often freestanding, with open sides and a roof, providing a shaded and often ornamental area for relaxation or entertainment.

Example: The backyard is enhanced with a gazebo, offering a tranquil retreat for enjoying the garden and hosting outdoor gatherings.


Definition: The pattern, texture, and direction of the fibers in wood or other natural materials, visible on the surface and contributing to its appearance and character.

Example: The dining table is made from solid oak, and the natural grain of the wood adds warmth and richness to the overall design.

Half bath

Definition: A small bathroom or powder room that contains a toilet and a sink, but not a shower or bathtub, typically used by guests or for quick visits.

Example: The half bath on the main floor provides convenience and privacy for guests without the need to access the bedrooms.


Definition: A suspended bed or swinging couch made of fabric, rope, or netting, typically attached to two points, such as trees or posts, offering a relaxing and comfortable place for lounging or sleeping.

Example: The backyard is furnished with a hammock, providing a peaceful spot for enjoying a lazy afternoon nap or a good book.


Definition: A textile pattern characterized by a broken check or abstract four-pointed shapes, typically in two alternating colors, often used

in fabrics, upholstery, or fashion.

Example: The accent chair is upholstered in houndstooth fabric, adding a classic and sophisticated touch to the living room’s decor.


Definition: Displaying luminous and shifting colors or hues that appear to change when viewed from different angles, often resulting from the interference of light waves.

Example: The iridescent mosaic tiles in the bathroom reflect light and create a mesmerizing play of colors, adding a touch of enchantment to the space.

Jacobean style

Definition: A design style that emerged during the reign of King James I in England, characterized by dark wood, ornate carvings, and motifs inspired by nature, often used in furniture and architecture.

Example: The dining room features a Jacobean-style table and chairs, showcasing intricate carving details and a rich, antique-inspired aesthetic.

Jalousie window

Definition: A window made up of parallel horizontal glass slats or louvers that are angled to allow ventilation while keeping out rain and direct sunlight, often operated by a lever or crank.

Example: The bathroom is equipped with a jalousie window, allowing for adjustable airflow and privacy while maintaining natural light in the space.

Knockdown texture

Definition: A texturing technique applied to walls or ceilings that creates a subtle, irregular, and stippled finish, often achieved by spraying or troweling on joint compound and then flattening or “knocking down” the peaks.

Example: The walls in the living room are finished with a knockdown texture, providing visual interest and a tactile element to the room’s surfaces.


Definition: A thin, narrow strip of wood or metal that is fixed horizontally across studs or joists as a base for attaching plaster, drywall, or other wall coverings.

Example: The lath framework supports the plaster walls in the historic building, contributing to its structural integrity and maintaining the traditional construction technique.

Lattice window

Definition: A window design that features a grid of intersecting strips of wood, metal, or other material, forming a decorative and often functional pattern of openings.

Example: The front of the house showcases lattice windows, adding a charming and traditional touch to the exterior facade.


Definition: A durable and resilient flooring material made from natural ingredients such as linseed oil, wood flour, and cork dust, often available in a wide range of colors and patterns.

Example: The kitchen floor is covered in linoleum, providing a practical and easy-to-maintain surface that adds a pop of color and personality to the space.


Definition: A low and wide piece of furniture, often a chest of drawers or a sideboard, featuring a flat top and multiple drawers or compartments, used for storage and display.

Example: The lowboy in the entryway serves as a stylish storage solution for shoes, bags, and other everyday essentials.


Definition: A decorative painting technique that imitates the appearance of marble, often achieved by applying layers of paint and manipulating them to create the characteristic veining and color variations of natural marble.

Example: The walls of the bathroom are adorned with marbleizing, giving them the look of luxurious marble without the cost and maintenance.


Definition: Decorative trim or ornamentation made from wood, plaster, or other materials, often used to add architectural detail, transition between surfaces, or frame openings.

Example: The crown molding in the dining room elegantly highlights the intersection of the walls and ceiling, adding a touch of sophistication to the space.


Definition: A recessed or hollowed-out area in a wall, often used for displaying artwork, sculptures, or other decorative objects.

Example: The niche in the hallway is the perfect spot for showcasing a collection of small sculptures, adding an artistic and personalized touch to the space.

Open concept

Definition: A floor plan or interior design approach that eliminates or minimizes barriers, walls, or partitions between different functional areas, creating a sense of spaciousness and fluidity.

Example: The living room, dining area, and kitchen are part of an open concept design, allowing for easy interaction and a seamless flow of space.


Definition: A decorative pattern or motif featuring a teardrop or kidney-shaped design with intricate and curving details, often used in textiles, wallpaper, or accessories.

Example: The throw pillows on the sofa are adorned with a paisley print, adding a bohemian and playful element to the living room’s decor.


Definition: A stylized and ornamental motif inspired by palm leaves or fronds, often used in architectural details, furniture, or decorative objects.

Example: The headboard of the bed features a palmette design, evoking a sense of tropical elegance and bringing a touch of nature into the bedroom.


Definition: A formal or sitting room in a house or establishment, often used for entertaining guests or as a space for relaxation and socializing.

Example: The Victorian-style home includes a parlor with plush seating and antique furnishings, creating a refined and inviting atmosphere.


Definition: A triangular or gable-shaped architectural element that is typically placed above a door, window, or opening, often adorned with decorative details or sculptures.

Example: The entrance to the building is framed by a grand pediment, featuring intricate carvings and adding a sense of grandeur to the facade.


Definition: A suspended light fixture that hangs from the ceiling, typically by a chain, cord, or rod, often used to provide ambient or task lighting and serve as a decorative element.

Example: The pendant lights above the kitchen island not only illuminate the workspace but also add a touch of modern elegance to the room

‘s design.

Pier mirror

Definition: A tall and narrow mirror designed to be placed between two windows or wall panels, often elaborately framed and serving as a decorative element in a room.

Example: The pier mirror in the entryway reflects light and creates an illusion of space, while its decorative frame adds a touch of sophistication to the area.


Definition: A building material composed of gypsum, lime, or cement mixed with sand and water, often used to create smooth and durable finishes on walls and ceilings.

Example: The walls of the historic building are made of plaster, showcasing the craftsmanship and traditional construction techniques of the time.

Pocket door

Definition: A door that slides on a track and disappears into a recessed wall cavity when fully open, often used to save space or provide a seamless transition between rooms.

Example: The pocket doors between the dining room and the living room can be opened to create an expansive and unified entertainment area or closed for privacy and noise separation.

Prairie School

Definition: An architectural style that emerged in the early 20th century, associated with the work of architect Frank Lloyd Wright, characterized by low horizontal lines, overhanging eaves, natural materials, and integration with the surrounding landscape.

Example: The house features Prairie School design elements, such as horizontal windows, cantilevered roofs, and an emphasis on geometric forms, blending harmoniously with the natural surroundings.


Definition: A decorative or structural element that highlights the corner or edge of a building, often made of contrasting materials, such as stone, brick, or wood, adding visual interest and defining the architecture.

Example: The stone quoins on the exterior of the house accentuate the corners, giving the building a sense of solidity and architectural charm.


Definition: A structural element that supports the roof and spans between the ridge or peak and the eaves of a building, often visible in the attic or as decorative elements in exposed ceilings.

Example: The exposed rafters in the living room add a rustic and industrial touch, showcasing the underlying structure and adding architectural interest to the space.


Definition: An architectural style that originated in medieval Europe, characterized by thick walls, rounded arches, massive pillars, and ornate decorative elements, often associated with Roman and Byzantine influences.

Example: The church features Romanesque architecture, with its rounded arches, sculpted capitals, and intricate stone carvings, evoking a sense of historical grandeur and religious symbolism.

Rose window

Definition: A large and ornate circular stained glass window, often found in Gothic and Romanesque architecture, featuring intricate tracery and radiating divisions resembling a blooming rose.

Example: The cathedral’s rose window depicts colorful biblical scenes and floods the interior with a mesmerizing play of light and color.


Definition: A long and narrow rug

or carpet that is designed to be placed in a hallway, staircase, or other narrow space, adding warmth, comfort, and visual interest to the area.

Example: The runner on the staircase not only provides a soft and comfortable surface for walking but also adds a pop of color and pattern to the otherwise neutral space.


Definition: The movable frame or framework that holds the glass panes in a window, often designed to slide vertically or horizontally for ventilation and access.

Example: The double-hung windows in the bedroom feature sashes that can be opened from both the top and bottom, allowing for flexible airflow and easy cleaning.


Definition: A decorative technique that imitates the appearance of marble or other stone through the use of pigmented plaster, often applied in layers, polished, and veined to resemble natural materials.

Example: The columns in the entrance hall are adorned with scagliola, mimicking the elegance and beauty of real marble at a fraction of the cost.

Screened porch

Definition: An outdoor living space that is enclosed with screens or mesh to keep out insects and provide protection from the elements, allowing for comfortable and bug-free relaxation or dining.

Example: The screened porch is furnished with comfortable seating and a dining table, creating an inviting and sheltered area for enjoying the outdoors without the nuisance of bugs.


Definition: Lightweight and translucent curtains or drapes that allow diffused natural light to enter a room while providing a level of privacy, often made of sheer fabrics such as voile or chiffon.

Example: The sheer curtains in the living room soften the incoming sunlight, creating a gentle and ethereal ambiance in the space.


Definition: A hinged cover or panel made of wood, vinyl, or metal that is installed on the exterior of a window and can be opened or closed to control light, ventilation, privacy, or protection from the elements.

Example: The traditional-style house is adorned with decorative shutters, adding a charming and functional element to the windows’ design.


Definition: A natural fiber derived from the agave sisalana plant, often used in the production of rugs, carpets, or woven floor coverings, known for its durability and textured appearance.

Example: The sisal rug in the entryway is not only eco-friendly but also adds a touch of organic texture and warmth to the space.

Sofa table

Definition: A long and narrow table that is designed to be placed behind a sofa, often used for decorative purposes, display items, or to provide additional surface space.

Example: The sofa table in the living room is adorned with family photographs, potted plants, and decorative objects, adding a personal and stylish touch to the area.


Definition: A room or enclosed structure that is designed to receive maximum sunlight, often featuring large windows or glass panels, and used as a sunroom or greenhouse.


: The solarium serves as a bright and airy space for indoor gardening and relaxation, allowing the residents to enjoy the benefits of natural light and nature throughout the year.


Definition: A thin and vertical rod or baluster, often made of wood or metal, used in the construction of staircases, railings, or furniture, providing support and decorative detail.

Example: The staircase features intricately designed spindles, adding a decorative element and visual interest to the architectural feature.

Stained glass

Definition: Colored glass that is crafted by cutting, shaping, and assembling individual pieces into a design or pattern, often used in windows, doors, or decorative panels, creating a vibrant and artistic play of light.

Example: The church windows are adorned with stained glass depicting biblical scenes, casting a kaleidoscope of colors and adding a sense of spiritual awe to the interior.

Stucco veneer

Definition: A thin and decorative coating applied to the exterior surface of a building, typically made of cement, sand, and lime, creating a textured and durable finish that resembles traditional stucco.

Example: The house features a stucco veneer exterior, adding architectural detail and giving the building a cohesive and polished look.


Definition: A design style influenced by the work of architect Louis Sullivan, characterized by intricate and organic ornamentation, intricate detailing, and a focus on natural forms and materials.

Example: The historic building showcases Sullivanesque architectural elements, with its ornate terra-cotta decorations and delicate floral motifs, exemplifying the artistry and craftsmanship of the era.


Definition: A crisp and smooth fabric woven from silk or synthetic fibers, often used in drapery, upholstery, or formal attire, known for its lustrous sheen and rustling sound.

Example: The dining room curtains are made of taffeta, adding an element of elegance and sophistication to the room’s decor.


Definition: A durable and dense hardwood often used in furniture and outdoor applications, known for its natural resistance to rot, insects, and water damage.

Example: The outdoor patio furniture is made of teak, providing a stylish and long-lasting seating option that can withstand the elements.

Terracotta tile

Definition: A type of ceramic tile made from fired clay, often left unglazed and featuring warm earthy tones, used for flooring, walls, or decorative accents.

Example: The kitchen floor is adorned with terracotta tiles, adding a rustic and Mediterranean-inspired charm to the space.

Throw pillow

Definition: A small and decorative pillow, often used on sofas, chairs, or beds to add color, texture, or pattern to the overall design.

Example: The throw pillows on the bed feature vibrant patterns and textures, serving as accent pieces that tie the room’s color scheme together.

Ticking stripe

Definition: A pattern of narrow, evenly spaced stripes, often in two contrasting colors, resembling the traditional fabric used for mattress or pillow covers, typically used in textiles or upholstery.

Example: The dining chairs are upholstered in fabric with a ticking stripe pattern, adding a touch of timeless and casual elegance to the room.


Definition: Decorative metalwork or painted objects typically made of tin, often featuring hand-painted motifs, floral designs, or patterns, used for trays, lamp bases, or decorative accessories.

Example: The wall above the fireplace is adorned with a tole tray, showcasing a vibrant and intricately painted scene that adds visual interest and a pop of color to the room.


Definition: Ornamental stonework or woodwork that forms the intricate patterns of intersecting ribs, bars, or curves in the upper part of a window or screen, often seen in Gothic or Gothic Revival architecture.

Example: The cathedral’s stained glass windows are framed by delicate tracery, creating a mesmerizing play of light and adding a sense of architectural grandeur to the interior.


Definition: A horizontal window or decorative panel that is positioned above a door or larger window, allowing additional light to enter a room or serving as a decorative architectural element.

Example: The entry door is adorned with a decorative transom window, adding a touch of elegance and allowing natural light to flow into the hallway.


Definition: A framework of latticework or openwork design, often made of wood or metal, used to support climbing plants or as a decorative element in gardens or outdoor structures.

Example: The backyard features a trellis covered in flowering vines, creating a beautiful and private outdoor retreat.

Trundle bed

Definition: A low bed frame or mattress on wheels that can be stored under a larger bed or pulled out for use, providing an additional sleeping space, often used in guest rooms or children’s bedrooms.

Example: The children’s bedroom is equipped with a trundle bed, allowing for extra sleeping accommodations for sleepovers or guests.

Tudor arch

Definition: A distinct and pointed arch design characterized by a wider span at the base and a more acute angle at the top, often associated with Tudor or medieval architecture.

Example: The doorway features a Tudor arch design, adding a touch of historical charm and architectural character to the building.

Turned leg

Definition: A furniture leg that is shaped or carved on a lathe, creating intricate and decorative profiles, often seen in traditional or vintage furniture styles.

Example: The dining table is supported by turned legs, showcasing the craftsmanship and adding a touch of elegance to the overall design.


Definition: Referring to surfaces or materials that have not been treated, stained, painted, or varnished, allowing the natural texture, color, or grain to be visible.

Example: The wooden

bookshelf is left unfinished, showcasing the natural beauty of the wood and adding a rustic and raw aesthetic to the room.


Definition: A decorative container typically made of glass, ceramic, or metal, used for holding flowers or as a standalone decorative object.

Example: The dining table is adorned with a vase filled with fresh flowers, adding a touch of color, freshness, and natural beauty to the room.


Definition: An arched structure or ceiling that forms a roof or ceiling over a space, often used to create a sense of grandeur, openness, or architectural interest.

Example: The cathedral’s nave is characterized by soaring vaulted ceilings, creating a sense of verticality and emphasizing the religious and spiritual significance of the space.

Venetian blinds

Definition: Window blinds made of horizontal slats that can be adjusted to control the amount of light and privacy, often made of metal or plastic and operated by a cord or wand.

Example: The office windows are equipped with Venetian blinds, allowing for flexible control of natural light and privacy throughout the day.


Definition: A covered and open-sided porch or gallery that is attached to the exterior of a house or building, often used for outdoor lounging, dining, or socializing.

Example: The colonial-style house features a veranda that wraps around the front and sides, providing a shaded and inviting space for relaxation and outdoor gatherings.

Versailles pattern

Definition: A geometric pattern typically used in flooring, featuring interlocking squares or rectangles arranged in a diagonal or herringbone configuration, often associated with the grandeur and elegance of the Palace of Versailles.

Example: The marble foyer floor is laid in a Versailles pattern, adding a sense of luxury and timeless beauty to the entryway.

Victorian Gothic

Definition: A design style that combines elements of Victorian architecture with Gothic Revival influences, characterized by pointed arches, intricate ornamentation, and dramatic proportions.

Example: The house features Victorian Gothic design elements, such as steeply pitched roofs, decorative tracery, and elaborate gables, exuding an air of romanticism and architectural drama.


Definition: A spiral or scroll-shaped decorative motif often found in architecture, furniture, or decorative objects, resembling the curled end of a Roman Ionic or Corinthian capital.

Example: The staircase railing is adorned with volutes, adding a touch of elegance and visual interest to the architectural feature.

Wall paneling

Definition: Wood, MDF, or other materials used to cover or decorate walls, often installed in vertical or horizontal panels, creating a textured or decorative surface.

Example: The dining room is enhanced with wall paneling, adding depth, warmth, and a touch of traditional elegance to the space.


Definition: Exterior cladding made of overlapping horizontal boards, often made of wood or fiber cement, used to protect and decorate the

exterior of a building.

Example: The beach house is clad in weatherboarding, creating a coastal and casual aesthetic while providing durable protection against the elements.

Wrought iron

Definition: A malleable and durable iron alloy that is forged and shaped by hand, often used in decorative elements, gates, railings, furniture, or lighting fixtures.

Example: The garden is adorned with wrought iron gates, adding a touch of elegance and architectural interest to the entrance.

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